Simulation of real-life situations that allow participants to demonstrate (and receive feedback on) their application of knowledge (scientific and tacit), clinical reasoning, communication and problem-solving, as well as their ability to collaborate and work effectively in a health care team. Simulation activities use standardized patients, mannequins, part-task trainers or virtual cases to assess individual physicians or teams performing specific actions, tasks or behaviours related to a clinical scenario. Simulation programs must meet the following mandatory educational requirements in order for the activity to be approved under Section 3 of the MOC program:
- Be planned to address the identified needs of the target audience with a specific subject area, topic or problem.
- Provide participants with a strategy to assess their knowledge, skills, clinical judgment and/or attitudes in comparison to established evidence (scientific or tacit).
- Enable participants to demonstrate and assess their abilities/competencies across the key areas of the scenario(s), topic(s) or problem(s).
- Provide detailed feedback to participants on their performance to enable the identification of any area(s) requiring improvement through the development of a future learning plan. Feedback can be provided immediately or after the activity is over, either verbally and/or in writing.