The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC)’s Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Framework separates continuing professional development activities into three distinct sections:

Section 1 – Group Learning
Includes rounds, journal clubs, small groups and conferences. Activities can be face-to-face or web-based.

Section 2 – Self-Learning
Planned to address specific needs, enhance awareness of new evidence potentially relevant to practice or enhance the quality of multiple systems. Section 2 activities do not require approval by an accredited CPD provider.

Section 3 – Assessment
Includes activities that provide data with feedback to individual physicians regarding their current knowledge base to enable the identification of needs and the development of future learning opportunities relevant to their practice.

Section 3 – Simulation
Simulation of real-life situations that allow participants to demonstrate (and receive feedback on) their application of knowledge (scientific and tacit), clinical reasoning, communication and problem-solving, as well as their ability to collaborate and work effectively in a health care team.